Convention of Biological Diversity for UPSC

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India submits Sixth National Report to the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD)

Convention of Biological Diversity

India today submitted its Sixth National Report (NR6) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) by the Union Environment Minister.The Minister also released the document ‘Progress on India’s National Biodiversity Targets: A Preview’ on the occasion.

About Convention of Biological Diversity:

Biodiversity Convention, is a multilateral treaty. The Convention has three main goals including: the conservation of biological diversity (or biodiversity); the sustainable use of its components; and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources.

Key facts:

  • India is among the first five countries in the world, the first in Asia and the first among the biodiversityrich megadiverse countries to have submitted NR6 to the CBD Secretariat.
  • While globally, biodiversity is facing increasing pressure on account of habitat fragmentation and destruction, invasive alien species, pollution, climate change and oversuse of resources.
  • India is one of the few countries where forest cover is on the rise, with its forests teeming with wildlife.
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  • India is on track to achieve the biodiversity targets at the national level and is also contributing significantly towards achievement of the global biodiversity targets.
  • India has exceeded/overachieved two NBTs, it is on track to achieve eight NBTs and in respect of the remaining two NBTs also, India is striving to meet the targets by the stipulated time of 2020.
  • As a megadiverse country harbouring nearly 7-8% of globally recorded species while supporting 18% of the global human population on a mere 2.4% of the world’s land area, India’s quest for inclusive economic development while maintaining integrity of its natural capital is being pursued through various programmes and strategies.

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