The union government has declared amended the Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, prohibiting the import of solid plastic waste into India, including in special economic zones and export-oriented units.
- Solid plastic waste imports were banned in 2015 but allowed agencies in special economic zones (SEZ) to import them in 2016.
- It has been done keeping into consideration the ‘Ease of Doing Business’ and boosting ‘Make in India’ initiative by simplifying the procedures under the Rules.
- India’s “commitment to completely phase out single-use plastic by 2022” was another reason for the new amendments.
- The Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Amendment Rules, 2019 have exempted exporters of silk waste from requiring permission from the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
- Electrical and electronic assemblies and components manufactured in and exported from India, if found defective, can now be imported back into the country, within a year of export, without obtaining permission.
- China was the biggest merchant initially and the vacuum left by it was involved by nations, such as Malaysia and India.