India Myanmar Thailand Trilateral Highway for UPSC

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India-Myanmar-Thailand Trilateral Highway

Why in News?

India has released Rs 193.16 crore from the Rs 1,830.87 crore fund approved for the construction of Kalewa-Yagyi road section and to build bridges on the India-Myanmar-Thailand trilateral highway.

Background:

A highway connecting Moreh to Mae Sot via Myanmar was first proposed at a trilateral ministerial meeting on transport linkages in Yangon in April 2002.The length of the four-lane highway is approximately 1,360 km (850 mi).

Key Facts:

  • The 1,360 Km lone India-Myanmar-Thailand trilateral highway is an initiative of the three countries.
  • India is undertaking construction of two sections of the trilateral highway in Myanmar, that entails building 120.74 km Kalewa-Yagyi road section and constructing 69 bridges along with the approach road on the 149.70 km Tamu-Kyigone-Kalewa (TKK) road section.
  • The work on both these sections were awarded on Engineering, Procurement and Construction mode in May 2018 for Kalewa-Yagyi section and November 2017 for the TKK section.
  • The funds released by this Ministry is Rs. 188.32 crore out of the approved cost of Rs. 1459.29 crore for the Kalewa-Yagyi road section and Rs. 4.84 crore out of the approved cost of Rs. 371.58 crore for the 69 bridges along with approach road on the Tamu-Kyigone-Kalewa (TKK) road section.
  • The above mentioned both the projects are being funded by Government of India under grant assistance to the Government of Myanmar.
  • A Motor Vehicles Agreement along with protocols for regulating and facilitating movement of cargo and passenger vehicular traffic is under inter-governmental negotiations between India, Myanmar and Thailand.

Significance:

  • The road is expected to boost trade and commerce in the ASEAN–India Free Trade Area, as well as with the rest of Southeast Asia.
  • India’s Look East Policy is an effort being made by the Indian government to cultivate and strengthen economic and strategic relations with the nations of Southeast Asia in order to solidify its standing as a regional power.

Source:PIB

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