The survival of the threatened bumphead parrotfish in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands hinges on the persistence of coral reefs and presence of marine protected areas. Implementing fishing regulations could help its population bounce back.
About Bumphead :
- Bumpheads are the world’s largest parrotfish
- It is found on coral reefs in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, from the Red Sea in the west to Samoa in the east, and from the Yaeyama Islands in the north to the Great Barrier Reef, Australia, in the south.
- Ramming its enormous green head against corals to dislodge them, a single bumphead can nibble up to five tonnes of coral every year.
- Though seemingly destructive, this activity promotes coral growth and keeps reef ecosystems healthy.
- Listed as vulnerable under IUCN Red list.
- Bumpheads are not legally protected in India.