Introduction to geography

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Geography is the science that studies the land, features, inhabitants and phenomena of Earth

the word Geography adopted in 2nd century BC by the Greek scholar eratosthenes

eratosthenes was the first person to calculate the circumference of the earth and also calculate the tilt of the earth axis, anaximander created the first map of world,ainville made the first map of India, ptolemy first presented India on the world map and anthropogeography was written by Friedrich ratzel

branches of geography

Geography is divided into two main branches i.e, human geography and Physical Geography

human geography

human Geography is the branch of the geography that studies the world, its people, communities and culture with an emphasis on relation of land across space and place


the fields of human Geography are

cultural geography, Population Geography, economic geography, development geography, health geography, historical geography, political geography, settlement geography

physical geography

physical geography deals with the physical environment and the various process that bring about changes in the physical environment on the earth surface

the fields of physical geography

geomorphology, hydrology, climatology, pedology, glaciology, biogeography


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