Indian Polity Miscellaneous

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Attorney General of India

  • The constitution under the article 76 has provided for the office of the Attorney General of India
  • He is the highest law officer in the country
  • The Attorney General of India must be a person, who is qualified to be appointed as a judge of the supreme court and he is appointed by the president
  • His duty is to give advice to the Government of India upon such legal matter, which are referred to him by the president of India.
  • He can participate in business of either House
  • The Attorney General of India is not a member of the cabinet
  • He has the right to speak in the either House of Parliament, but he has no right to vote.
  • Attorney General appears before the supreme court and various High Court in cases involving the Government of India
  • The term of office of the Attorney General is not fixed by constitution. he holds office during the pleasure of the president
  • M.C Setalvad(1950-1963), was the first Attorney General of India and K. K. Venugopal is the present Attorney General of India

Comptroller and Auditor General of India(CAG)

  • The constitution under the article 148 has provided for the office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India
  • He is the guardian of the public purse and audits the accounts of the government at both the level of centre and state
  • He CAG of India is appointed by the president for 6 years or till 65 years, of age whichever is earlier.
  • His duty to uphold the constitution of India and law of parliament in the field of financial administration.
  • His removal process is similar to that of a judge of the supreme court.
  • Sri V narahari Rao(1948-54), was the first Comptroller and Auditor General of India and Rajiv mehrishi is the present CAG of India.
  • Election Commission of India
    • The constitution under the article 324(1) has provided for the election commission of India.
    • At present election commission consists of chief election commissioner and two election commissioners.
    • The constitution provides for an independent Election Commission to ensure free and fair election to the parliament, the state legislature and the office of the President and Vice President.
    • The chief election commissioner and other Election Commission are appointed by the president for 6 years or till 65 years, whichever is earlier under the article 324.
    • They enjoy the same status and this perks at available to judge of the supreme Court of India.
    • The chief election commissioner can be removed office only through impeachment by parliament.

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